Considering Atlas Shrugged on Film

This piece was originally written for the Breakpoint blog.  This is also a more full treatment of the film than I offered in a Jackson Sun column.  It does a better job of expressing my ambivalence toward Rand’s work.

Christians have a deep ambivalence about Ayn Rand that probably draws as deeply from the facts of her biography as from her famous novels.  When the refugee from the old Soviet Union met the Catholic William F. Buckley, she said, “You are too intelligent to believe in God.”  Her atheism was militant.  Rand’s holy symbol was the dollar sign.  Ultimately, Buckley gave Whittaker Chambers the job of writing the National Review essay on Rand’s famous novel Atlas Shruggedthat effectively read her and the Objectivists out of the conservative movement.  The review characterized Rand’s message as, “To a gas chamber, go!”  Chambers thought Rand’s philosophy led to the extinction of the less fit.In truth, the great Chambers (his Witnessis one of the five finest books I’ve ever read) probably treated Rand’s work unfairly.  Though Rand certainly made no secret of her contempt for those unable or unwilling to engage in true exchange of economic value, she was right to tell interviewers that she was no totalitarian because of her abhorrence for the use of force.  She did not believe in compulsion.  Instead, she wanted a world in which a man stood or fell on his productivity.  Rand saw production as the one great life affirming activity.  Man does not automatically or instinctively derive his sustenance from the earth.  He must labor and produce.  This was Rand’s bedrock and explains why she had such contempt for those who try to gain wealth through political arrangements.  She saw this parasitism on every point of the economic spectrum from the beggar to the bureaucrat to the purveyor of crony corporatism.The critical tension between Rand and Christian theology is on human worth.  Christians affirm the inherent and very high value of individuals because of their creation in the image of God.  Rand values human beings only for their achievements.  A person who does not offer value is a leech, a “second rater.”Atlas Shrugged, the film, is well worth seeing, both because of the challenge posed by Rand’s worldview and because it avoids the pedantic speech-making of the overly long novel.  Rand doesn’t trust her story to get her philosophy across.  The novel struggles under the weight of her desire to teach.  Thanks to the constraints of the film medium, we learn through the development of the characters and the plot.  As a result, the tale comes through quite clearly and simply.

The story proceeds from a fascinating premise:  what if the most able were to go on strike and take their gifts away from the broader society (like Lebron taking his from Cleveland!)?  These talented individuals stop producing because society (in the form of government) has begun to take their contribution for granted and seeks to control the conditions under which they live, work, and create.

Government action occurs under the rubric of equity, but these people who “move the world” — as one conversation in the film expresses — do not understand what claim the government has to order their lives or to confiscate the fruits of their labor.  The villains of the piece are not so much any welfare class as much as corporatists who want to link their companies to government arrangements so as to assure profit without the need for strong performance.  They go on about loyalty and public service, but it is a mask for mediocrity and greed.  The heroes (Hank Rearden and Dagny Taggert) want to make money, but they are virtuous because they give obvious value for every cent they earn.

The underlying moral is that we must not make too great a claim to control the inventors and entrepreneurs lest we frustrate them into inactivity.  Though we think we gain by taxing and regulating their efforts, there is a strong possibility that we will lose a great deal more by blocking the creative impulse and inspiring a parasitic ethic of entitlement.

Rand’s atheism, materialism, and reduction of the human being’s value to economic productivity are all severely problematic for a variety of good reasons.  But one might compare her political and economic thought to chemotherapy, which is basically a form of poison designed to achieve a positive outcome.  You don’t want to take it if you can avoid it.  You hope the circumstances in which you would use it don’t arise.  However, in an age of statism, it is a message that may need to be heard.  Not so much in the hopes that it will prevail as much as to see it arrest movement in a particular direction which will end badly if it continues.

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3 thoughts on “Considering Atlas Shrugged on Film

  1. One thing about objectivism that causes it to fail is the concept that worth only comes through what one offers to the world. Like you have said, as a Christian intrinsic worth through the concept of being created in God’s image contradicts that. Many conservatives in society have that subtle nuance of thought floating around in their ideology. It robs people of their value in others’ eyes. If someone doesn’t contribute in practical ways to society, then they don’t deserve the grace and mercy that others who work hard do.

    If God would treat us this way, I cannot imagine the hopelessness of that reality. Taking away the infused identity of someone as a being of worth destroys the concept of grace and denies the divine.

  2. I would suggest that your colleague over at First Things, namely David Bentley Hart, has written all that needs to be said about this benighted human being and her dreadful adolescent “philosophy”.

    It is really quite simple, if you begin with a dark false God-less premise as Rand does, then everything that you say and do will necessarily be tainted by and an extension of that false premise. So too with all of those who are influenced by her and promote her God-less world-view.

    After all this IS the presumption that you make in your criticism of modern secular culture.

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